The lakes, including reservoirs and ponds in the Yellow River Delta, are characterized by many fragile ecosystems and low economic values. How to take into account both ecology restoration and the economic benefits of the lakes in this region is a complex problem. The Chinese mitten crab (Eriocheir sinensis)-aquatic plant system may have this potential. In this study, we planted aquatic plants, e.g., Elodea nuttallii, Hydrilla verticillate, and Vallisneria natans, with the crabs and investigated geochemical parameters in the ponds. The concentration of NH4+-N was lower than 0.5 mg/L, the pH of the breeding peiponds was 8.274-9.365, and the dissolved oxygen was 3.554-6.048mg/L, which was better than the class II environmental quality standards for surface water. The more extensive specifications ( > 150g/pcs) of the crab growth with the aquatic plants account for >35% of the total production. This model is significant to the ecological utilization of reservoirs in the Yellow River Delta but has low promotion. Therefore, some compulsory breeding policies and breeding standards must be proposed. It is the current ecological needs of the ecological protection Yellow River Delta.
Wang Y, Xu C, Dong P, Cui Y. Impact of human intervention on channel shrinkage and restoration in the Huanghe Estuary. Environ Earth Sci. 2020; 79: Article number: 238. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12665-020-08988-3
Ge M, Liu G, Liu H, Liu Y. Levels of metals in fish tissues of Liza haematocheila and Lateolabrax japonicus from the Yellow River Delta of China and risk assessment for consumers. Mar Pollut Bull. 2020; 157: 111286. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2020.111286
Liu Y, Li J, Sun C, Wang X, Tian P, Chen L, et al. Thirty-year changes of the coastlines, wetlands, and ecosystem services in the Asia major deltas. J Environ Manage. 2023; 326: 116675. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2022.116675
Lu JS, Liu Y. Evaluation on exploitation potential of ecotourism resources of wetlands in yellow river delta. Wetland Sci. 2010; 8: 339-46.
Wang Y, Yu J, Dong H, Li Y, Zhou D, Fu Y, et al. Spatial evolution of landscape pattern of coastal wetlands in yellow river delta. Sci Geo Sin. 2012; 32: 717-24.
Cai X, Zhang X, Xie J. Eco-environmental problemes lie ahead of the yellow river delta wetland ecosystem and their control countermeasures. Mar Environ Sci. 2006; 25: 88-91.
Guo B, Liu Y, Fan J, Lu M, Zang W, Liu C, et al. The salinization process and its response to the combined processes of climate change–human activity in the Yellow River Delta between 1984 and 2022. Catena. 2023; 231: 107301. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.catena.2023.107301
Zhang YM, Wang J, Meng K, Zhao L. Temporal and spatial changes of nutrient content and eutrophication condition in waters of the abandoned Yellow River Delta. Appl Ecol Env Res. 2019; 17: 14069-85. https://doi.org/10.15666/aeer/1706_1406914085
Zhao H, Wu X, Jiang X, Long X, He J, Liu N, et al. Comparative study on gonadal development and nutritional composition among Yangtze, Huang, and Liao River populations of adult female Eriocheir sinensis cultured in earth ponds. J Fish China. 2017; 41: 109-22. https://doi.org/10.11964/jfc.20160110239
Qi T, Liu J, Zhao P, Ge B, Liu Q, Jiang S, et al. A novel modulation of physiological regulation in cultured chinese mitten crab (Eriocheir japonica sinensis) in response to consistent salinity changes. Gene. 2020; 756: 144914. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gene.2020.144914
Huang X, Feng Y, Xiong G, Zhong L, Liu S, Fang P, et al. A cross-sectional study of bayesian belief network modeling: Risk factors for hepatopancreatic necrosis syndrome of the Chinese mitten crab (Eriocheir sinensis) in China. Aquaculture. 2020; 524: 735293. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2020.735293
Xu X, Guo H, Peng H. Impacts of plain reservoir on its surrounding underground water and soil with gengjing reservoir in the yellow river delta as an example. China Environ Sci. 2004; 24: 115-9.
Zheng H, Ni S, Tan X, Wang C. In situ purification experiment of a mangrove–aquaculture coupling system: A case study of a crab pond in Wanning, Hainan Province. J World Aquacult. 2022; 53: 1169-82. https://doi.org/10.1111/jwas.12868
Dong G, Li X, Gao Y, Liu F, Qin Y, Wang Y. Community characteristcs and space-time variances of the water area macrozoobenthos in the huanghe river delta. Mar Environ Sci. 2012; 31: 229-32.
Zhang Z, Mammola S, McLay CL, Capinha C, Yokota M. To invade or not to invade? Exploring the niche-based processes underlying the failure of a biological invasion using the invasive Chinese mitten crab. Sci Total Environ. 2020; 728: 138815. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.138815
Wu L, Han G, Zhang J, Wang S, Qin B, Kou X, et al. Feeding effect of Alternanthera philoxeroides and Elodea nuttallii on crayfish (Procambarus clarkii) growth, hepatopancreas enzyme activity, and muscle quality. Aquacult Int. 2023 [in press]. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10499-023-01156-x
Zhang G, Jiang X, Chen W, Zhou W, Luo M, Wu X. Effect of submerged macrophytes planting mode on performance and economic profit of all-male adult Eriocheir sinensis culture. South China Fish Sci. 2023; 19: 107-15. https://doi.org/10.12131/20220260
Liu Y, Jin M, Fu W, Shen M, Zhu W, Lv H, et al. Effects of ipomoea aquatic as a substitute of Elodea nuttallii on Eriocheir sinensis yields and water quality in ponds. Freshwater Fish. 2022; 52: 51-7.
Chang G, Ge Y, Deng D, Xiang C, Cheng Y, Wu X. Effects of three diets on gonadal development and fattening of adult female chinese mitten handed crab, eriocheir sinensis. Fisheries Sci. 2018; 37: 749-55.
Sun Y, Chen Z, Zhao D, Zhan T, Zhou W, Ruan C. Design and experiment of precise feeding system for pond crab culture. Trans Chinese Soc Agri. 2022; 53(5): 291-301. https://doi.org/10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2022.05.030
Yuan Q, Ren Y, Zhou W, Li W, Liu J, Zhang T. Effects of water spinach floating beds on water quality and growth of eriocheir sinensis cultured in the ponds of saline-alkali soil. Freshwater Fish. 2019; 49: 94-9.
Zhang Z, Deng Q, Wan L, Cao X, Zhou Y, Song C. Bacterial communities and enzymatic activities in sediments of long-term fish and crab aquaculture ponds. Microorganisms. 2021; 9(3): 501. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms9030501
Li W, Zhu T, Guo C, Zhang T, Liu J, Li Z. Analysis of water environmental characteristics at different fisheries developmental stages in lake Xiaosihai. Resour Environ Yangtze Basin. 2014; 23: 1090-6.
Wang Q, Li Z, Lian Y, Du X, Zhang S, Yuan J, et al. Farming system transformation yields significant reduction in nutrient loading: Case study of hongze lake, yangtze river basin, china. Aquaculture. 2016; 457: 109-17. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2016.02.025
Schoelynck J, Wolters J-W, Teuchies J, Brion N, Puijalon S, Horemans DML, et al. Experimental evidence for the decline of submerged vegetation in freshwater ecosystems by the invasive Chinese mitten crab (Eriocheir sinensis). Biol Invasions. 2020; 22: 627-41. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10530-019-02118-2
Wang Y, Ma J, Ren Z, Wang J. Water quality of plain reservoirs in the yellow river delta. J Ocean U China. 2006; 36: 65-70.
Dou Y, Shao P, Gao J, Jia X, Zhou W. Effects of the culture conditions on growth and photosynthesis indices of Thalassiosira weissflogii. J Coastal Res. 2020; 115: 696-9. https://doi.org/10.2112/JCR-SI115-178.1
Huan J, Li H, Wu F, Cao W. Design of water quality monitoring system for aquaculture ponds based on NB-IoT. Aquacult Eng. 2020; 90: 102088. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaeng.2020.102088
Tao B, Zhang B, Dong J, Liu C, Cui Q. Antagonistic effect of nitrogen additions and warming on litter decomposition in the coastal wetland of the yellow river delta, China. Ecol Eng. 2019; 131: 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoleng.2019.02.024
Zhou G, Xie T, Chen M, Zhang Q, Fan H, Xie X. Potential ecological risk assessment of heavy metal in soils in the zhujiang river delta: Heavy metal activation in soils. Geo Bull China. 2004; 23: 1088-93.
Liu Q, Huang S, Yue W, Chen X, Peng Z, Wang J, et al. Effects of Elodea nuttallii on growth and nutritional quality of chinese mitten crab, eriocheir sinensis. J Fishery Sci China. 2017; 24: 91-9. https://doi.org/10.3724/SP.J.1118.2017.16219
Tang Y, Peng J, Chen J, Zhao Y, Ding Y, Dai J, et al. Effect of water area and waterweed coverage on the growth of pond-reared Eriocheir sinensis. Fishes. 2022; 7(5), 282. https://doi.org/10.3390/fishes7050282
Yong-Mao L, Wei-Guo F, Mei-Juan J, Lin-Lin S, Ming-Xing S, Jin-Quan Z. Effects of different aquatic plants on water purification and greenhouse gas emission in crab pond in high temperature season. J Ecol Rural Environ. 2020; 36: 1072-9.
Huang J, Norgbey E, Li G, Wang J, Rainizafy M, Nkrumah PN, et al. Unraveling the feeding dynamics of Chinese mitten crab-based ecosystems using carbon and nitrogen stable isotope techniques. J Consum Prot Food Saf. 2019; 14: 251–61. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00003-019-01220-w
Matsui N, Songsangjinda P, Wodehouse D. Longevity of simultaneous operation of aquaculture and mangrove forestry as explained in terms of water and sediment qualities. Wetl Ecol Manag. 2014; 22: 215-25. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11273-013-9312-8
Wu K, Ma X, Wang Y, Wang W, Lang Y. Effect of three water plants decomposition on water quality. J Shanghai Ocean Univer. 2016; 25: 726-34.
Feng W, Santonja M, Bragazza L, Buttler A. Shift in plant-soil interactions along a lakeshore hydrological gradient. Sci Total Environ. 2020; 742: 140254. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.140254
Zhuo Y, Zeng W. Using stable nitrogen isotopes to reproduce the process of the impact of human activities on the lakes in the Yunnan Guizhou Plateau in the past 150–200 years. Sci Total Environ. 2020; 741: 140191. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.140191
Chen N, Wang S, Zhang X, Yang S. A risk assessment method for remote sensing of cyanobacterial blooms in inland waters. Sci Total Environ. 2020; 740: 140012. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.140012
Zhou J, Zhou L, Xu W. Diversity of wintering waterbirds enhanced by restoring aquatic vegetation at shengjin lake, china. Sci Total Environ. 2020; 737: 140190. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.140190
Zhao Q, De Laender F, Van den Brink PJ. Community composition modifies direct and indirect effects of pesticides in freshwater food webs. Sci Total Environ. 2020; 739: 139531. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.139531
Wang Q, Li Z, Lin M, Ye S, Li W, Guo C, et al. A changed post‐flood management strategy enables the culture‐based fishery of the Liangzi Lake, Yangtze River Basin, China, to remain economically and environmentally viable. Fisheries Manag Ecol. 2019; 26: 548-57. https://doi.org/10.1111/fme.12386
Lee SY, Fong CW, Wu RSS. The effects of seagrass (Zostera japonica) canopy structure on associated fauna: a study using artificial seagrass units and sampling of natural beds. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol. 2001; 259: 23-50. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0022-0981(01)00221-0
Hu L, Guo L, Zhao L, Shi X, Ren W, Zhang J, et al. Productivity and the complementary use of nitrogen in the coupled rice-crab system. Agr Syst. 2020; 178: 102742. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agsy.2019.102742
Wen X, Ma X, Fan W, Li X, Zhong Y. Structural characteristics of phytoplankton functional groups in the young crab pond with different reed type rice acreages. J Zhejiang Univ Agric Life Sci. 2019; 45: 85-94. https://doi.org/10.3785/j.issn.1008-9209.2017.11.213
Feng W, Yang F, Zhang C, Liu J, Song F, Chen H, et al. Composition characterization and biotransformation of dissolved, particulate and algae organic phosphorus in eutrophic lakes. Environ Pollut. 2020; 265: 114838. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2020.114838
Paccagnella YC, Bianchini I, da Cunha-Santino MB. Decomposition dynamics of two aquatic macrophytes: response of litter interaction with temperature and dissolved oxygen availability. Braz J Bot. 2020; 43: 1047-59. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40415-020-00643-2
Duan Y, Xiong D, Li Y, Dong H, Wang W, Zhang J. Changes in the gastrointestinal microbial community of Lateolabrax maculatus in a naturally occurring Microcystis aeruginosa bloom environment. Aquaculture. 2020; 528: 735444. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2020.735444
de los Santos CB, Olivé I, Moreira M, Silva A, Freitas C, Araújo Luna R, et al. Seagrass meadows improve inflowing water quality in aquaculture ponds. Aquaculture. 2020; 528. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2020.735502
Wang J, Yuan G, Lu J, Wu J, Wei J. Effects of biochar and peat on salt-affected soil extract solution and wheat seedling germination in the yellow river delta. Arid Land Res Manag. 2020; 34: 287-305. https://doi.org/10.1080/15324982.2019.1696423
Wang G, Lv J, Han G, Zhu S, Liu X, Wang A, et al. Ecological restoration of degraded supratidal wetland based on microtopography modification: a case study in the Yellow River Delta. Wetlands. 2020; 40: 2659-69. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13157-020-01351-z
Bai J, Yu L, Ye X, Yu Z, Wang D, Guan Y, et al. Dynamics of phosphorus fractions in surface soils of different flooding wetlands before and after flow-sediment regulation in the Yellow River Estuary, China. J Hydrol. 2020; 580: 124256. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2019.124256
Zhu A, Liu J, Qiao S, Zhang H. Distribution and assessment of heavy metals in surface sediments from the Bohai Sea of China. Mar Pollut Bull. 2020; 153: 110901. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2020.110901
Sun J, Chi Y, Fu Z, Li T, Dong K. Spatiotemporal variation of plant diversity under a unique estuarine wetland gradient system in the Yellow River Delta, China. Chinese Geogr Sci. 2020; 30: 217-32. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11769-020-1109-0
Wu Z, Zhao D, Syvitski JPM, Saito Y, Zhou J, Wang M. Anthropogenic impacts on the decreasing sediment loads of nine major rivers in China, 1954–2015. Sci Total Environ. 2020; 739: 139653. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.139653
Manolaki P, Mouridsen MB, Nielsen E, Olesen A, Jensen SM, Lauridsen TL, et al. A comparison of nutrient uptake efficiency and growth rate between different macrophyte growth forms. J Environ Manage. 2020; 274: 111181. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2020.111181
Lin Q, Zhang Y, Marrs R, Sekar R, Luo X, Wu N. Evaluating ecosystem functioning following river restoration: the role of hydromorphology, bacteria, and macroinvertebrates. Sci Total Environ. 2020; 743: 140583. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.140583
Ndehedehe CE, Stewart-Koster B, Burford MA, Bunn SE. Predicting hot spots of aquatic plant biomass in a large floodplain river catchment in the Australian wet-dry tropics. Ecol Indic. 2020; 117: 106616. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2020.106616
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Copyright (c) 2023 Liu Zhiguo, Gao Wei, Chang Wen , Liu Jinming