The combination of biofumigation and solarization is known as bio-solarization. An experiment was performed from 2003 to 2019 in a greenhouse at INTA San Pedro, Buenos Aires province, Argentina (33°44'12.7"S 59°47'58.2"W). Treatments (TRAT) were applied every two years. TRAT evaluated were: 1=Control; 2= Solarization, 3= Biorot, a succession of organic amendments (chicken manure, broccoli, chicken manure, broccoli, tomato, and pepper crop debris, mustard, tomato crop debris, broccoli, tomato crop debris), 4=Biobras based only on the use of brassicas (rapeseed, broccoli, mustard, and Brassica campestris). Treatments were carried out in spring or summer so that a late-season tomato crop could be grown after them. The tomato hybrid planted was Superman (Petoseed), except for the last season where the hybrid used was Rodeo (BHN). Fungal pathogens controlled were Pyrenochaeta lycopersici, Fusarium solani, Sclerotium rolfsii, and Sclerotinia sclerotiorum, and nematodes like Nacobbus aberrans, Helicotylenchus and Criconemella. Fungi of Aspergillus genera were observed growing on death sclerotia of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum and Sclerotium rolfsii in Biobras and Biorot. Tomato plants in control showed a higher percentage of dead plants, root rots, and lower root dry matter at the end of each crop. Solarization alone without adding organic matter reduced this parameter in the soil and showed more death plants and less yield than Biobras and Biorot. Tomato and pepper crop debris used as biofumigants produced high yield values and adequate pathogen control. Biofumigation in combination with solarization is an effective technique for managing soil-borne pathogens in greenhouses and is being adopted by horticultural growers in Argentina.
Matthiessen J. Glucosinolate analysis of Brassica collection completed. 1996. Biofumigation Update 1996; (4).
Rosa EAS, Rodríguez PMF. Towards a more sustainable agriculture system: the effect of glucosinolates on the control of soil –borne diseases. Journal of Horticultural Science & Biotechnology 1999; 74(6): 667-674. https://doi.org/10.1080/14620316.1999.11511170
Harding R. In vitro suppression of potato pathogens by volatiles released from Brassicas residues. Biofumigation Update 2001; (14).
Pung, H. Successful use of biofumigantgreen manure crops for soil-borne disease control. Biofumigation Update 2002; (16).
Zasada IA, Ferris H, Elmore CL, Roncoroni JA, Mac Donald JD et al. Field application of brassicaceous amendments for control of soil-borne pests and pathogens. Online Plant Health Progress 2003. https://doi.org/10.1094/PHP-2003-1120-01-RS
Kirkegaard JA. Evaluating biofumigation for soil-borne disease management in tropical vegetable production. 2004. ACIAR ReviewReportLWR2/2000/114.
Kirkegaard JA, Matthiessen JN. Developing and refining the biofumigation concept. Proceedings to the 1st International Symposium on Biofumigation. Florence, Italy. 2004.
Díaz Hernandez S, Rodríguez Pérez A, Dominguez Correa P, Gallo LLobet L. Solar heating, biofumigation and conventional chemical treatments for thecontrol of corky root in tomato. ISHA Acta Horticulturae 2004; pp. 698: https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2005.698.42
Daugovich O, Downer J. Exploring brassicae-derived biofumigation for soilbornepest management. ASAE Meeting 2006. Paper number 067020.
Piedra Buena A, Garcia-Alvarez A, Diez-Rojo MA, Ros C, Fernandez P, Lacasa A, et al. Use of pepper crop residues for the control of root-knot nematodes. Bioresource Technology 2007; 98 (15): 2846-2851. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2006.09.042
Mitidieri MS, Peralta R, Barbieri M, Brambilla V, Piris E, Sasía F, et al. Biofumigation experiences in Argentina. 2017 International biofumigation network. http://repositorio.inta.gob.ar/handle/20.500.12123/4043.
Katan J, Greenberger A, Alon H, Grinstein A. Solar heating by polyethylene mulching for the control of diseases caused by soil-borne pathogens. Phytopathology 1976; 76: 683-688. https://doi.org/10.1094/Phyto-66-683
Bello A, González JA. Potato cyst nematodes in the Canary Islands: an epidemiological model for the Mediterranean región. Bulletin OEPP 1994; 24(2): 429-438. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2338.1994.tb01401.x
Marín-Guirao JI, Tello JC, Díaz M, Boix A, Ruiz CA, Camacho F. Effect of greenhouse soil bio-disinfection on soil nitrate content and tomato fruit yield and quality. Soil Res. 2016; 54: 200-206, https://doi.org/10.1071/SR15106
García RP. Effect of the addition of tomato crop residues by bio-solarisation on yield, tomato quality and plant morphology. 2019; Doctoral thesis. University of Almeria. https://bit.ly/3iofu0I.
Besri M. Use of Marigolds (Tagetes spp) as cover crop for the control of tomato root knot nematodes (Meloidogyne spp) in Morocco. Proceedings tp International Symposium on biocidal and non biocidal plants to improve soil health. 2021. Book of abstract pp. 68. https://bit.ly/3zeqofk
Martinengo I. Soil solarisation, phytopathological aspects. In: Soil Solarisation Seminar. INTA San Pedro. 1995. https://repositorio.inta.gob.ar/handle/20.500.12123/4851.
Baker KF. Principles of disinfestations of heat-treated soil and planting material. J Australian Institute of Agricultural Sciences 1962; 28: 118-126.
Francescangeli N. Climatic aspects. In: Soil Solarisation Seminar. INTA San Pedro. 1995. https://repositorio.inta.gob.ar/handle/20.500.12123/4851.
Amma AT. Solarisation. Effect on current soil fertility. INTA San Pedro. 1995. https://repositorio.inta.gob.ar/handle/20.500.12123/4851.
Pagliaricci L, Delprino MR, Paganini A, Barceló W, Peña L, Bernardez A, et al. Economic and environmental impact of methyl bromide substitution in tomato production under cover. Case study in a fruit and vegetable company in the Zárate district, Buenos Aires. 2015. https://repositorio.inta.gob.ar/handle/20.500.12123/102
Colombo M, Gauna P, Ishikawa A, Lenscak M. Biofumigation. Solarisation with organic amendments. Proceedings to Seminar on Advances in the Replacement/Elimination of Methyl Bromide in Soil and Substrate Disinfection. Proyecto MP/ARG/00/033 INTA – ONUDI. San Miguel de Tucumán. Argentina. 2004; pp. 185-186.
Colombo M, Gauna P, Lenscak M. Soil disinfection by biofumigation. Proceedings to XIII Congreso Latinoamericano de fitopatología 2005; pp. 519.
Colombo MH, Obregón V, Monteros J. Efficacy of solarisation in the control of Ralstonia solanacearum in greenhouses in Bella Vista, Corrientes. Proceedings to XXXI Congreso Argentino de Horticultura 2008; pp. 138.
Orecchia E, Matoff E. Solarisation and biofumigation of seedbeds for planting.2002. Proyecto MP/ARG/00/033 INTA – ONUDI.
Bustamante A, Reybet G, Arando J, Escande A. Effect of biofumigation with organic residues for weed control. Proceedings to XXXI Congreso Argentino de Horticultura. Mar del Plata. 2008; pp. 66.
Gabriel EL. Evaluation of biosolarisation as a soil remediation alternative in strawberry nurseries. Horticultura Argentina 2014; 33(82): 67.
Rodriguez RA, Ayastuy ME, Miglierina AM, Lobartini JC. Control of plant-parasitic nematodes by organic methods in southern Buenos Aires. Horticultura Argentina 2010; 29(70): 61.
Rodríguez RA, Ayastuy ME, Miglierina AM, Lusto MA, Belladonna DP. Solarisation and biofumigation with fruits of paradise (Melia azedarach L.) for the control of Meloidogyne spp. in a greenhouse soil in winter. Horticultura Argentina 2014; 33(82): 68.
Ploeg AT, Stapleton JJ. Glasshouse studies on the effects of time, temperature and amendment of soil with broccoli plant residues on the infestation of melon plants by Meloidogyne incognita and M. javanica. Nematology 2001; 3: 855-861. https://doi.org/10.1163/156854101753625353
INTA. Chemical analysis of soils and water. CIRN Castelar. 1989.
Caveness FE, Jensen HJ. Modification of the centrifugal-flotation technique for the isolation and concentration of nematodes and their eggs from soil and planttissue. Proceedings of the Helminthological Society of Washington 1955; 22: 87-89.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.