Nowadays, the demand for electric vehicles is increasing rapidly. One of the most important components of electric vehicles is the battery pack. The reduction of their carbon footprint and recyclability is getting more important. For that reason, the usage of environmentally friendly materials or production methods in their production should be studied. This paper aims to investigate an alternative material for silicone which is used to avoid vibration of the battery cells inside of the battery module. Synthesized Hydrogel, which is not hazardous to the environment, is suggested instead of silicone. Besides its environmentally friendly property, Hydrogel does not use any other curing process like silicone and thus reduces the curing process time and energy that is spent for the application of the silicone which is 100 oC and 5 hours. The heat generation of the battery cells inside of the battery module is also numerically analyzed with electrochemical thermal modeling and the comparison of the silicone and suggested Hydrogel material instead of silicone is performed. The results showed that Hydrogel can be used instead of silicone and this material can remove the curing process during the production of the module and can reduce the carbon footprint of the battery module.
Kane M. Lucid air specs revealed: 118 kWh dream pack, 112 kWh grand touring. InsideEVs. Oct 30, 2021.
Gil-Negrete N, Viñolas J, Kari L. A simplified methodology to predict the dynamic stiffness of carbon-black filled rubber isolators using a finite element code. J Sound Vib. 2006; 296: 757-76. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsv.2006.03.038
Yu Y, Naganathan NG, Dukkipati R V. A literature review of automotive vehicle engine mounting systems. Mech Mach Theory. 2001; 36: 123-42. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0094-114X(00)00023-9
Barrera CS, Cornish K. High performance waste-derived filler/carbon black reinforced guayule natural rubber composites. Ind Crops Prod. 2016; 86: 132-42. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2016.03.021
Chenal J-M, Chazeau L, Guy L, Bomal Y, Gauthier C. Molecular weight between physical entanglements in natural rubber: A critical parameter during strain-induced crystallization. Polymer (Guildf). 2007; 48: 1042-6. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polymer.2006.12.031
Karino T, Ikeda Y, Yasuda Y, Kohjiya S, Shibayama M. Nonuniformity in natural rubber as revealed by small-angle neutron scattering, small-angle X-ray scattering, and atomic force microscopy. Biomacromolecules. 2007; 8: 693-9. https://doi.org/10.1021/bm060983d
Marzbani H, Jazar RN, Fard M. Hydraulic engine mounts: a survey. J Vib Control. 2014; 20: 1439-63. https://doi.org/10.1177/1077546312456724
Vahdati N, Saunders LKL. High-frequency testing of rubber mounts. ISA Trans. 2002; 41: 145-54. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0019-0578(07)60074-3
Wang W, Jiao T, Wei B, Huang W, Lok C, Liu Y. Analysis on the anti-vibration performance of domestic-made 35 kV high-temperature superconducting cable. Physica C. 2021; 590: 1353965. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physc.2021.1353965
Yu A, Sukigara S. Evaluation of the design and materials of anti-vibration gloves: Impact on hand dexterity and forearm muscle activity. Appl Ergon. 2021; 98: 103572. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2021.103572
Sung D, Chang S, Kim S. Effect of additional anti-vibration sleeper track considering sleeper spacing and track support stiffness on reducing low-frequency vibrations. Constr Build Mater. 2020; 263: 120140. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2020.120140
Luo RK. Impact simulation and experiment on rubber anti-vibration systems. Polym Test. 2016; 50: 335-42. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polymertesting.2016.02.001
Rana S, Kumar R, Bharj RS. Current trends, challenges, and prospects in material advances for improving the overall safety of lithium-ion battery pack. Chem Eng J. 2023; 463: 142336. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2023.142336
Huang Q, Li X, Zhang G, Kan Y, Li C, Deng J, et al. Flexible composite phase change material with anti-leakage and anti-vibration properties for battery thermal management. Appl Energy. 2022; 309: 118434. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2021.118434
Gün A. New material development for sorption; graphene oxide added silica gel. (MSc Thesis) Gebze Technical University; 2023.
Hariharan KS, Tagade P, Ramachandran S. Mathematical modeling of lithium batteries: From electrochemical models to state estimator algorithms. Springer Cham; 2018, pp. 1-211. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-03527-7
Chiew J, Chin CS, Toh WD, Gao Z, Jia J, Zhang C. A pseudo-three-dimensional electrochemical-thermal model of a cylindrical LiFePO4/graphite battery. Appl Therm Eng. 2019; 147: 450-63. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2018.10.108
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Copyright (c) 2023 Yiğitalp Gökmen, Gamze Gediz Ilis